読者です 読者をやめる 読者になる 読者になる

ワザリング・ハイツ -annex-

どんなに忙しい毎日でも、紅茶を飲んで、ほっとひと息。

Mary Shelley / Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus

文学(Literature)-Shelley, Mary 文学(Literature) 文学(Literature)-イギリス文学


P. B. Shelley, a Romantic poet who wrote “A Defence of Poetry”, was remarried to Mary Shelley. The fact that she is the author of Frankenstein seems to be less known. Furthermore, Frankenstein is not a monster, but a name of the doctor who creates him. Nowadays very few reads poems of P. B. Shelley, while people could easily imagine the ugly appearance of the monster provoked by the title Frankenstein.

One of the significance of this novel lies behind the subtitle. Prometheus is a punished God who has stolen the fire from heaven and given to human, which infuriated Zeus. Of course, in the novel, it is a doctor Frankenstein. In England, from the eighteenth-century on, the rise of the utilitarian idea, correcting conventional ideas, is remarkable under the influence of the Industrial Revolution. The progress of science was regarded as one which supplies a large benefit to the world and is encouraged as a sophisticated motivity having an influence to civilise people. Frankenstein also produced a monster as a consequence of his effort to pursuit the profit of the developed society. But as a result, a punishment is imposed on him since it is against ethics.

In modern period when it is said possible is to create human being, the novel should draw attention again, but it has also other interesting themes. Frankenstein doesn’t have an affection for his creation, he detests it from the moment of its birth. This is strange. But if God creates human, he’s like Frankenstein because he doesn’t come out to save one when he falls into his cruel destiny. Though the narrative shows the idea of desecration to the Christian God, it is remarkable to present a sense of distrust to God.

In addition to the element of Gothic as picturesque (the depiction of nature in the novel is quite beautiful), or the problem of gaining the language, there are lots of interesting themes, which make the novel richly profound. The work, in which the strong description is impressive, is not supported by the Romantic imagination, but by the spellbound one, as Emily Brontë was inspired in the later period.