In terms of the literary history, Sylvia Plath was a contemporary poet coming into being around in 1969. Her husband is Ted Hughes, a laurel poet in England. And she was also informed enough to be given Fulbright Scholarship to study in Cambridge University, while, unfortunately, being unable to recover from her morbid state of mind. At any rate, the compassionate circumstances as such contributed to her literary career indeed.
Her only one novel The Bell Jar has been called girl’s Catcher in the Rye of Salinger, which was very popular from England and America to the rest. It is not only autobiographical, but filled with a lot of technical devices particular to a novel, which shows her talent as a professional writer.
In particular, interesting is a relation of Esther and Joan. When Joan is regarded as Esther’s “alter ego”, we can come to the fact that Plath was seriously acquainted with the matter of individuals in society. In fact she dealt with the theme of “double” in the works of Dostoevsky in her thesis (like Brother Karamazov or The Double), and the matter of “the divided self” was already presented in “In Plaster” in Crossing the Water. This is a clue when one approaches to Esther’s inclination to project her repressive part into Joan.
The argument above has been referred everywhere, so I offered as just an exemplary way of understanding. I wrote on this article remembering my thesis dealing with this novel, particularly the theme of the self. So I feel as if I had read my memory through the novel.